Language is a very important phenomenon in the life of every individual. It is the most brilliant of human inventions. It is also the most useful. On a daily basis, we communicate our ideas, feelings, desire, likes, dislikes, thoughts, etc. to people around us through the use of language medium (spoken, written or sign). From the foregoing, it is essential to state categorically that language encompasses all human activities and liveliness. It is an indispensable tool used by members of a speech community to communicate their thoughts, desires, feelings, etc. to one another. It is of a true saying that man cannot relate to the world around him without language.

Language is a purely human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, emotions and desires by means of a system of voluntarily produced symbols. This implies that every human being is endowed with the innate ability to acquire language. Since the English language is an important language in the world today, some motivational strategies must be put into place by teachers to enable students to perform well in its study.

Motivation refers to the driving force that directs and energizes behaviour towards achieving a particular goal or objective. It involves the activation of goal-oriented behaviour, persistence in the face of obstacles, and the allocation of effort based on the value of the outcome. Motivation can be either intrinsic, which arises from within an individual, or extrinsic, which is driven by external factors such as rewards or punishments. Intrinsic motivation is typically associated with greater engagement, satisfaction, and achievement, while extrinsic motivation can lead to a focus on the reward rather than the task itself and may undermine intrinsic motivation. Understanding motivation is critical in various contexts, including education, the workplace, and sports, as it can impact performance, satisfaction, and well-being. Therefore, it is essential to employ strategies that drive motivation in students to promote optimal academic performance in the study of phonetics. Motivation can either be internal or external in nature. It is internal if the behaviour emanates from the inside of an individual, it is external if the behaviour is enforced from outside and it is acting upon the individual.

Nevertheless, it is almost impossible to talk about motivation in the classroom without mentioning teachers. This is so because teachers are the actual givers/channels of motivation in the classroom. They play vital roles in creating an environment that supports students’ learning. Teachers often do this through their support for students’ autonomy, a show of love and care for students’ wellbeing, giving of corrective feedback and performance based-reward. Teachers also enable students to identify with self, personal interests, and values by supporting their freedom of choice. By supporting students’ choices and interests, teachers help students develop personal interest, involvement, and ownership of their work, which aid in motivation. Teachers also help students to learn by increasing their responsibility and participation in their own learning by letting them create their own goals and objectives.

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